The High Tatras are the biggest Slovak and Polish mountain. With their 11 peaks over 2500 m are the only mountain ranges with an alpine character in the Carpathian Mountains.
The Tatras parts
These mountains stretch their valleys over 26 kilometers. From the west side it is bordered on Laliove sedlo (The Lily Saddle, 1947a.s.), that separates The West Tatras. From the east side the boarder is created by Kopske sedlo ( The Kopske Saddle, 1749 a.s.) and the Belianske Tatras.
The mountain area is 341km2 from which about three quarters are in Slovakia.The Tatra Mountain has the glacier origin and expressive sharp peaks, deep glacier valleys, mountain lakes and waterfalls. Some fauna and flora species live here from ice age, for example the Tatra chamois, the symbol of the Tatra nature. The geological composition is created by magmatic and metamorphic rocks. In the Belianske Tatras and several parts of the West Tatras dolomites and limestones prevail.
There are 35 valleys in the High Tatras. The longest one is The Belianska valley - 11km long. You can find more than 100 mountain lakes with glacier origin. The biggest and the deepest mountain lake is Hincovo Pleso with 20,08 ha area and 53 m depth. The border between Baltic and Black sea is crossing the High Tatras. This dividing line is the Solisko peak located between Furkotska and Mlynicka valley that creates Vah and Poprad river borders.
In Tatra area there are more than 300 caves, but the Belianska cave only was made accessible to the public. It lies close to Tatranska Kotlina and was founded in 1881.
The Tatra climate is wet and cold with mountain character. The snow cover stays about 180 days in a year. In the northern parts it stays all year long. The tourists have to take unawares climate changes into account. These are typical for the High Tatras by peak climbing or valleys crossing that take 8-10 hours. The approximately temperature in the 1000 m is 5C, in July 15C. The most appropriate season for tourism is the autumn, when the weather is stabile and the visibility is the best.
To the rarest fauna species belong:
The flora of the High Tatras is typical of the mountains and alpine regions. Varieties unique to the region, as well as species which have adapted themselves to local conditions join more common plants.
These mountains are home to some 900 species of Algae, 1.000 species of lichens and 1300 species of plants, about 40 of which are unexampled elsewhere. Many of these are on the list of endangered species. Some of the mountainous species are relicts from the glacial period. Please note that all plant life in the high Tatra is protected!
To the rarest flora species belong: