The settlement of the High Tatras stretches back to the prehistoric age, where hunters of bears and salmons had started to discover the wild Tatra area. The finding place of a Neanderthal man skull traced by Koloman Koky in Gánovce in 1926 confirmed the young Stone Age. At first the skull was considered an animal, but in 1949 the doctor Emanuel Vlček stated human origin of the skull. This significant finding started international archeological researches in the middle of 20th century. The exposition is located in Podtatranske museum in Poprad.
In the Middle Ages the gold miners and treasure searchers considered the area a land of opportunity. To the most famous mines belong gold mines in the Krivan peak area. In the 11 century the Ugrians controlled the whole mountain territory. The polish army was interested as well, but its expansion was avoided by Hungarian soldiers and follow German colonization. The first written prove about the High Tatras is the deed of donation dated 1209, in which the Ugrian king Ondrej II donated the right of property to his courtiers.